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There are many ways to respond to this question and the apparent intent behind it. One would be to point out that virtually all today's high-profile atheists devote considerable time attempting to understand religion and persons who actually believe in religious doctrines. Sam Harris, Daniel Dennett, and Richard Dawkins are among the names that come to mind. If prominent atheists often address religion, why should the topic somehow be off limits or irrelevant to the rest of us? My suspicion, of course, is that most of the people asking me this question have never heard of Harris, Dennett, or Dawkins. Perhaps I am the first atheist they have encountered.
Another type of response is to point out that atheists are a small (but growing) minority in the United States surrounded by a large Christian majority. In a situation like this, the minority ignores the majority at its peril. We atheists strive to understand religious believers and their beliefs because our political survival depends on it. In fact, if some Christians were to get their way, we might need to say that our actual survival depends on it without the political qualifier! Because we are surrounded by people who believe outrageous things, we seek to understand those things. We may also seek to change them, but understanding is an important prerequisite. When Christians are puzzled at this line of reasoning, I often ask them to imagine themselves as a tiny minority of White people living among a large population of African Americans who held all the political power in the group. In such a situation, would they not seek to understand African American culture just a bit?
Bringing up race triggers my mental associations with Civil Rights, discrimination, and prejudice. A close variant of the previous response would be to point out that atheists living among Christians are not only a minority but an oppressed minority. This claim is controversial even among atheists. Many atheists have told me that because they have not personally experienced religious discrimination, they doubt that any atheist does. Come on people! Does this mean that a gay man who has never experienced homophobia should assert that it doesn't exist? If you don't believe that atheists are subject to religious discrimination, run for political office. Getting back on track, the point is that because atheists are subject to religious discrimination, it is even more important that they understand and critique the majority religion.
The last response I'll address in this post (and this brief list is by no means exhaustive) is that most atheists feel pity for believers. Most believers are not bad people. Most are not even ignorant people. They have been duped by a powerful system of indoctrination which is highly skilled at self-maintenance. We want to reach out to believers. We want to help them embrace reality and learn that clinging to obsolete superstition not only harms them but puts all of us at risk for continued global conflict. Yes, I suppose you might consider out motive somewhat selfish. Part of the reason we want to help them discard their delusion is that we believe the world would be better off without it. So, overcoming religion is in our self-interest. However, I am confident that most atheists would agree that letting go of religious belief would be advantageous to the believer as well.
An earlier version of this post appeared on Atheist Revolution in 2006. It was revised in 2018 to fix broken links, correct typos, and improve clarity.